Saturday, May 23, 2020
September 11, 2001. After terrorists hijacked four American airliners, toppling the World Trade Center in New York and damaging the Pentagon just outside Washington, rhetoric in various circles of the West among authors, theorists, and pundits centered around a number of interesting topics. The nature of evil has become a topic over which much debate and rhetoric has ensued. Some have used it as a means by which they can explain these actions, whereas others see it as an obstacle to a proper explanation. Even others see it as false, but a necessary falsehood for the war effort. Furthermore, the debate over if, or the extent to which, United States and Western foreign policy contributed to these attacks has also stirred passions onÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Reverend Graham is a popular Protestant and generally conservative figure. He said during the memorial service for the victims of September 11: Ã¢â¬Å"But how do we understand something like this? Why does God allow evil like this to take place? Perhaps that is what you are asking now. You may even be angry at God. I want to assure you that God understands these feelings that you may haveÃ¢â¬ (Graham). For Graham, the use of the term evil is not intended to help Americans understand the actions. Rather, he says, Ã¢â¬Å"We are reminded of the mystery and reality of evil.Ã¢â¬ I have been asked hundreds of times in my life why God allows tragedy and suffering. I have to confess that I really do not know the answer totally, even to my own satisfaction. I have to accept, by faith, that God is sovereign, and HeÃ¢â¬â¢s a God of love and mercy and compassion in the midst of suffering. The Bible says that God is not the author of evil. It speaks of evil as a Ã¢â¬Å"mystery.Ã¢â¬ In 2 Thessalonians 2:7 it talks about the mystery of iniquity. The Old Testament prophet Jeremiah said, Ã¢â¬Å"The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. Who can understand it?Ã¢â¬ He asked that question, Ã¢â¬Å"Who can understand it?Ã¢â¬ And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s one reason we each need God in our lives. Reverend GrahamÃ¢â¬â¢s use of rhetoric is a tactic employed frequently by evangelists and those speaking from a Christian discourse. His citation of the Second Epistle to the Thessalonians is particularly interesting. In theShow MoreRelatedThe Saturn Myth As A Type Of Meta Structure740 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages It may be possible, if the monstrous rhetoric could be traced to its origin, to establish a type of meta-structure by which to identify uses of language and metaphor which rely on the monstrous to create difference or marginality. A brief look into the European origins of cannibalism, not as a practice but as a metaphorical construction, leads back to the Saturn myth. Again, Zika notes the use of the Saturn myth as the Ã¢â¬Å"explicit basis for [the] association between witch and cannibal,Ã¢â¬ and notesRead More George W. BushÃ¢â¬â¢s Language Comprising the War on Terror Essay5251 Words Ã |Ã 22 Pagesrepresentatives or senators. Since the president receives more pub lic attention than any other individual in government, it seems natural to analyze presidential rhetoric. However, why exactly should we examine presidential rhetoric? Are there not other ways to examine a presidentÃ¢â¬â¢s goals and aspirations? One could examine the implemented policies that the president supports. However, one cannot examine the presidentÃ¢â¬â¢s support for a policy without scrutinizing the language and rhetoric he uses to expressRead MoreThe Future Of Rhetoric Is Not Changed Much Since The Years Of Aristotle3176 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesTHE FUTURE OF RHETORIC IN OUR ELECTRONIC AGE Name: Institution: Course: Professor: Date: Abstract Rhetoric has not changed much since the years of Aristotle. However, the application of concept of rhetoric appears to have undergone dynamic transformations as new technologies come into the market. Rhetoric is employed in all spheres and levels of life in conveying information especially in the world of business and politics. For many years, rhetoric has been used to convince and persuadeRead MoreAmerican Neo Orientalism And The Justification For The War On Terror 1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMr. Shaw 22 February 2016 Ex Oriente Lux: American neo-Orientalism and the Justification for the Ã¢â¬ËWar on TerrorÃ¢â¬â¢ The September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon fundamentally changed the dynamic of American identity threatening itÃ¢â¬â¢s hegemony and creating a space of insecurity thus necessitating a reassertion of state authority. In particular, the 9/11 post-traumatic space required US participation in an ambiguous Ã¢â¬ËWar on TerrorÃ¢â¬â¢ that institutionalized racially chargedRead MorePost Bureaucracy and the Politics7341 Words Ã |Ã 30 Pages1990s, relating a managerialist Ã¢â¬Å"politics of forgettingÃ¢â¬ to the broader ideological narratives of Ã¢â¬Å"the post bureaucratic turnÃ¢â¬ . Design/methodology/approach Ã¢â¬â The paper draws on a wide range of primary and secondary sources, combining case study analysis with long-term historical perspectives on organisational change. Findings Ã¢â¬â The paper shows the ways in which public sector professionals contested Ã¢â¬Å"post bureaucraticÃ¢â¬ pressures for marketisation and organisational disaggregation. Originality/valueRead MoreAfrican American Civil Rights Act2723 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesHIST3151 Research Essay Essay Question 16: Why have such intense conflicts arisen since the 1970s over the question of affirmative action in the United States? The wicked vice of racial discrimination towards African Americans has, over the course of almost six centuries, indelibly tainted social, economic and cultural relations between those of all racial profiles in the Ã¢â¬Å"Land of the FreeÃ¢â¬ . Historically speaking, the African American experience is imbued in pain and suffering for centuries of malfeasanceRead MoreSocial Media and Social Protest2615 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagestowards a protest movement. Framing theory Media influences how politics is framed and perceived and set the terms of action for politicians, stakeholders, and other actors in public discourse. Apart from news selection, the framing of environmental news has an equally important role. Iyengar (1993: 367) argues that itÃ¢â¬â¢s an Ã¢â¬Å"episodicÃ¢â¬ news framing different from Ã¢â¬Å"thematicÃ¢â¬ coverage that places related events in some general context. Read MoreEssay on Maxine Waters: Raising consciousness, not money5192 Words Ã |Ã 21 Pagessuch force that the blow, be it the pain, the social inequality, the outright disrespect for humanity that blacks in the country have experienced, may have inflicted a lifelong scar. The vast injustice that the African American community has felt, since the moment the first African was placed in chains in brought to this country has been nothing but a travesty, that has and will undoubtedly plague this nation for decades, if not centuries to come. Such circumstances have ignited a passion in CongresswomanRead MoreEssay about The 2008 Financial Crisis3160 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesselection of new employees. I hypothesize that, since September 2008, banks: 1. have changed the qualities they seek in employee candidates; 2. and are now actively seeking candidates with higher levels of character. Background The autumn of 2008 saw Lehman Brothers shut its doors and the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s financial systems collapse. Media, regulators, pundits and observers characterized the meltdown as the most devastating economic crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. Many blamed theRead MoreInternational Media s Coverage Of An Event Essay3208 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesthe character of the news provided to us. An adequate understanding of this argument requires full understanding surrounding the event itself. Though even the most objective variant of the crisis is contested, journalists and officials alike have since attempted to provide a general account of what likely occurred at the Sydney Lindt Chocolate cafÃ © that day (as informed by both witnesses and hostages). At 9.44am on 15-16 December 2014, a lone Islamic gunman, later identified as Man Haron Monis, held
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Bisecting Bipolar Disorder Introduction and Background Overview 3.9% of adults in the United States are suffering from bipolar disorder as of 2014 according to the National Institute of Mental Health (Jann, 2014). Although rare, it is still a prevalent disease in the realm of mental health and requires special attention from healthcare providers. Bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition described by repeated manic or depressive episodes. Furthermore, due to the extreme mood swings and emotional range bipolar disorder exhibits, it can cause impaired functioning, interrupt quality of life, and affect the overall health of a patient (Jann, 2014). Two main types of bipolar disorder exist, simply called type I and type II. Type I causes more severe episodes of mania, which often require hospitalization, significant functional impairment, as well as psychosis. On the other hand, bipolar II deals with more frequent depressive states, but does include hypomania episodes, but are not as intense as a full manic episode (Mayo Clinic, 2015). Despite the dif ferences, Dr. Michael Jann (2014) states, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦patients with bipolar disorder of either type experience symptomatic depression at least 3 times more frequently than symptomatic mania or hypomaniaÃ¢â¬ (p. 489). Still, there are several other types and related disorders to depression, but type I and type II seem to be most prevalent and will be what this paper is based upon (Mayo Clinic, 2015). Regardless of the rarity of the disease, it hasShow MoreRelatedSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder706 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesBipolar disorder is a serious mental illness that is characterized by changes in mood. It can lead to risky behavior, damage relationships and careers, and even suicidal outcomes if itÃ¢â¬â¢s not treated. Bipolar disorder is more common in older teenagers and young adults, it can affect children as young as 6. Women experience more periods of depression than men. More remains to be learned about this condition that affects millions of people. Aretaeus of Cappadocia began the process of detailingRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder1454 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOne of the greatly investigated neurological disorders is Bipolar Disorder. Regrettably, due to social stigma, funding issues, and a lack of education, many who are dealing with this disorder do not receive adequate treatment. Bipolar disorder, is also known as manic-depressive illness, it is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, and the ability to carry out normal daily tasks. Symptoms of the disorder are severe and diverse from the normal ups and downs that everyone goesRead MoreBipolar Disorder : Symptoms And Symptoms1486 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespeople may think that having bipolar disorder means that anyone with the disorder are just simply put, Ã¢â¬Å"crazyÃ¢â¬ , I was one of those people but the meanings of those two things couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t possibly be any more different. Bipolar disorder is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"A disorder ass ociated with episodes of mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs.Ã¢â¬ (google.com) Ã¢â¬Å"Bipolar disorder is a chronic illness with recurring episodes of mania and depressionÃ¢â¬ (nami.org). Ã¢â¬Å"The term Ã¢â¬Å"bipolarÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â which means Ã¢â¬Å"two polesÃ¢â¬ signifyingRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder1020 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBipolar disorder, formally known as Ã¢â¬Ëmanic depressionÃ¢â¬â¢, is known for its extreme mood swings; these can last anything from weeks to months and are far more extreme than moods most people would experience. Mood swings include episodes of highs and lows; these are known as mania and depressive episodes. Bipolar is a disorder that affects men and woman equally and affects around 1 in 100 adults. Symptoms usually start during or after adolescents and rarely start after the age of 40 (Royal CollegeRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder Essay1278 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1 HelenKeller541 Physiology October 26, 2016 Abstract: Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder; also referred to as manic depressive disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V, 2013). Bipolar disorder is a depressive disorder with manic episodes, it is placed between the chapters on schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders in recognition of their place as a bridge between the two diagnostics in terms of symptomology, family historyRead MoreBipolar Disorder : Symptoms And Symptoms Essay1384 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBipolar disorder is simply defined as a manic depressive illness, which affects a persons mood and energy. However, the way it affects a personÃ¢â¬â¢s mood is dramatic and severe. These are severe moods are called episodes of mania and depression, which means a person who suffers from bipolar disorder might be extremely excited and happy one day, and extremely depressed the next day. In some cases, depressive or manic episodes last weeks, and in some cases these episodes last days. People who suffer fromRead MoreBipolar Disorder : Symptoms And Symptoms1493 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRorman Ms. Chrisman English 10 30 November 2016 Bipolar Disorder If people donÃ¢â¬â¢t get enough sleep and miss a meeting, they are just upset, but for people with bipolar disorder, it can trigger another episode to their week. Bipolar Disorder is a brain disorder that can cause shifts in people s mood that are more unusual. Signs and symptoms can be different depending on if the person has manic or depressive episodes. A person with the disorder can also give their family and friends struggles, asideRead MoreBipolar Disorder : Symptoms And Symptoms1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesresearch of bipolar disorder will not only describe in detail the symptoms and affects of this mood disorder, but it will also include the advantages, disadvantages of the treatment and medications, and the major role that medications take. Bipolar disorder involves periods of elevated or irritable mood (mania), alternating with episodes of depression (Moore and Jefferson, 2004). The Ã¢â¬Å"mood swingsÃ¢â¬ of mania and depression are very sudden and can happen at anytime any place. Bipolar disorder is categorizedRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder1700 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Bipolar disorders, also known as manic depression, are mental disorders characterized by shifting moods between depression and mania (Bressert, 2016). Those with a bipolar disorder, have extreme emotional states called mood periods. In the United States, more than 10 million people have bipolar disorder (Kennedy, 2015). It is lifelong, but can be treated. Although it can easily be treated, once patients choose to stop taking their medication their symptoms worsen. Around 15 percentRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder1285 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBipolar Disorder This paper will contain information on what bipolar disorder in early and late adolescence is, causes and symptoms, medical along with therapeutic interventions and how important it really is to get treatment. Bipolar disorder is a disease that affects approximately 2.6% Americans in the United States in a given year. There is limited data on the rate of bipolar in adolescents, although, it does tend to affect older teens more often and may be related to substance abuse. A lot
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(121) " months of solid gains, but the decline is probably interim in nature given the strengthening numbers in the Job market\." This will be followed by a personal economic outlook or the remainder of 2014. Current State of U. S Economy: A. We will write a custom essay sample on Tracking the U.S Economy or any similar topic only for you Order Now Gross Domestic Product (GAP) According to the figures illustrated in the above graph prepared by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (SEA), an agency of the Commerce Department, U. S. Real gross domestic product contracted sharply at an annual rate of 1. 0 percent in IQ 2014 compared to 2. 6 percent in the previous quarter. This marked the first decline in economic growth since January 2011, a period of three years. The drop in GAP growth comes as a revision, down from the BEAKÃ¢â¬â¢S original estimate released last April which showed an increase of 0. 1 percent. The BEA announces early estimates based on incomplete and partial data to provide a general picture of economic activity. These estimates are usually revised, with a second and third estimate being released as more data is acquired. The third and last revision for IQ 2014 is due to be released on June 25th and it remains to be seen how the GAP numbers will be affected. So why did the numbers decline so drastically? Many economists blame the anemic growth due to diminished business inventories, and the abnormally, harsh winter the country experienced during the beginning of the year, however, not everyone agrees. Forbes quotes Steve Blitz, chief economist at ITS Investment Research who states, Ã¢â¬Å"Looking through the rest of the report, we see the cold hand of winter, although I am not sure to what extent the cold in the Midwest caused the level of exports to drop by $40. 5 billion while imports only dropped $8. 8 billion. Surely the supply chains werenÃ¢â¬â¢t frozen in only one direction. Despite the historically, cold weather, there is more to the unexpected, weak performance of the battered U. S economy. Numerous components of the GAP played a hand in causing the decline in economic growth, including a decrease in exports, lack of business investments and decreased government spending. Reduction in real exports (real imports, which are a subtracted in the GAP calculation declined as well ), accounted for a significant portion of the economic decline, followed by a decrease in inventory investments, non residential fixed investments, residential investments and a cutback in state and local government spending. The GAP Ã¢â¬Ës only supporter so far this year came in the form of increased real personal consumer expenditures, which grew from 2. 1 percent from the previous estimate of 2. 0 percent, mainly reflecting sharp increases in services and light increases in other areas. The BEA states, Ã¢â¬Å"The downturn in the percent change in real GAP, primarily reflected a downturn in exports, a larger decrease in private inventory investment, and downturns in nonresidential fixed investment and in state and local government spending that were partly offset by an upturn in federal government spendingÃ¢â¬ (2014). The table below, prepared by the BEA, shows precisely which components of GAP rose and tumbled in IQ 2014. B. Foreign Trade (Exports Imports) According to records maintained by the U. S Census Bureau and the BEA, exports in April of $193. 3 billion and imports of $240. Billion resulted in a trade deficit of $47. 2 billion, up from $44. 2 billion in March. The April exports were $0. 3 billion less than March exports of $193. 7 billion, but imports were $2. 7 billion more than March imports of $237. 8 billion. The chart produced by the BEA below displays the U. S. International trade in goods and services in a period of two years, from April 2012 to April 2014. Goods deficit in April increased by $3. 3 billion from March to $65. 8 billion and services surplus increased by $0. 2 billion from March to $18. 6 billion. Exports of goods decreased $0. 6 billion to $135. Billion, but imports however increased by $2. 7 billion to $200. 9 billion. Services exports increased by $0. 3 billion to $58. 2 billion and imports followed suit increasing by $0. 1 billion to $39. 7 billion. From April 2013 to April 2014, the goods and services deficit has increased by $6. Billion. Imports in that time period were up by 5. 4 percent or, $12. 4 billion and exports were up by 3. 0 percent, or $5. 6 billion. C. Gross Private Domestic Investments (Business Investment) Gross private domestic investment is a vital component of GAP because it gives us an idea of future productive capacity. It accounts for approximately 14 percent of our GAP and is considered to be the least stable component. The BEA defines gross private domestic investment as private fixed investment and change in private inventories. It is measured without a deduction for consumption of fixed capital and includes replacements and addition to the capital stock, but excludes investment by U. S. Residents in other countries, hence the domestic. The BEA divides business investments into to sub-categories, fixed nonresidential investment, residential investment and business inventories. In short, gross private domestic investment is n aggregate component of expenditures and includes fixed investments (nonresidential and residential) and change in private inventories. In the above graph from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLESS), the analysis depicts gross private domestic investment data with future projections as far as 2022. The growth rate for the time period of 2002 to 2012 is 0. 6 percent, with negative annual growth rates for all categories of fixed residential structures. However, the annual growth rate in business inventories in this same time period increased from the last decade from -3. 3 percent to 12. 9 percent. They project business inventories to increase by 2022 at an average annual rate of 0. 6 percent. D. Consumer Spending The Consumer Confidence Index increased slightly in May. The index is currently at 83. 0, up from 81. 7 Just last month in April. The BEA recently reported that consumer spending increased to 10914. 40 billion in IQ 2014, up from 10831. 50 billion in Q 2013. U. S. Consumer spending fell for the first time in a year in April 2014 after two months of solid gains, but the decline is probably interim in nature given the strengthening numbers in the Job market. You read "Tracking the U.S Economy" in category "Papers" The drop followed a revised 1. Percent increase in March that was the largest gain since August 2009. Real disposable personal income (DIP) remained steady throughout IQ 2014 with a slight decreases in both April and May. E. Unemployment Rate As reported by the BullÃ¢â¬â¢s latest economic news release, total nonfat payroll employment increased by 217,000 in May. The increase was due largely to professional and business services, health care and social assistance, leisure and hospitality, transportation and warehousing and temporary services. Employment in other sectors such as manufacturing, mining and logging, construction, wholesale ND retail trade, information and financial services, and government remained steady. The unemployment rate remained unchanged at 6. 3 percent. In May, following a decline of 0. 4 percent in April. The number of unemployed persons remained the same in May at 9. 8 million, a decrease of 1. 9 million over the last year. Over the previous year, nonfat payroll employment averaged approximately 197,000 a month. The long term unemployed numbers remained steady at 3. 4 million and accounted for 34. 6 percent of the unemployed. That number has declined by almost a million workers, as the economy continues to gradually recover ND improve. The graph below by the BEA shows the inclines and declines of the unemployment rate since 1990. Updated unemployment figures and charts for June 2014 will be released on July 3, 2014. F. Inflation Rate (ICP) The most recent release by the BLESS states that the ICP for all urban consumers (ICP-U) increased by 0. 3 percent in April on a seasonally adjusted basis. Over the past year, the all items index increased by 2. 0 percent before seasonal adjustment. Gasoline, shelter, and food indexes all rose in April and so did all items less food and energy. The consumer price index for May will be released on June 17, 2014. G. Government Spending: Fiscal and Monetary Policies According to the data reported by the BEA, current government expenditures exceeded receipts and caused a net government saving of -966. Billion during first quarter of 2014; an increase from Q 2013. Net lending or net borrowing which is an alternative measure of the government fiscal position was -1036. 5 billion, increasing from -968. 7 Q 2013. U. S. Economic Outlook: Remainder 2014 Coming off the harshest winter weÃ¢â¬â¢ve experienced in quite some time, the economy is expected to rebound and contin ue improving its upward growth in the remainder of 2014. The economy is expected to expand 2. 4 percent with the recovery of the housing market and business investments. Government consumption is expected to slow economic growth this year for the fourth straight year in a row. Consumer spending will remain in the 2 percent range, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s possible that it might increase due to the increase in disposable personal income. This is assuming consumer confidence increases as the year passes. Employment is expected to continue its growth of 180,000-190,000 Jobs gained monthly similar to the previous two years. Structural unemployment will continue to be an issue as most Jobs created will be in he food service and retail industries. Small businesses are expected to gain confidence and provide support to the economic growth in 2014 with a key source of funding thatÃ¢â¬â¢s been missing since the recession; home equity. The increase in home values over the previous year and the ongoing housing recovery is expected to support small businesses. The recovering housing market will play a role in GAP growth as home values continue to rise fueling construction activity leading to an accelerated pace in residential investment. Accelerated business investment will gain approximately 2. 5 percent to around 4. Percent in the following quarters; driven by hefty gains in nonresidential structures and slight increases in equipment and software expenditures. Growing demand for industrial space will support the increase in business investments. Inflation will rise modestly from the lows of 2013 but will remain humble. Consumer prices will rise as producer prices rise due to global and domestic demand. Net exports will play a leading role and is expected to add to the overall GAP growth. Economists predict a 6. 6 percent rate of growth, along with the support of the oil boom to increase the pace of export activity. U. S. Economic Personal Outlook: 2014 From the extensive research IÃ¢â¬â¢ve done on this topic, my personal outlook on the economy for 2014 in one word, subpart. I expect GAP to grow slightly over the year due to more than one component. Consumer spending is a strong candidate to increase most simply because disposable income is increasing. I understand that we just recently went through a recession and money conservation would be wise, but weÃ¢â¬â¢re a consumer nation and a consumer based culture, therefore I expect personal consumer expenditures to rise. The winter that affected the nation during the ginning of the year slowed growth but in March, when the weather started to lift consumer expenditures skyrocketed. Personally, it would seem as if consumer confidence is on the rise and the data supports my theory. I believe the increasing home values will embolden consumers and business owners alike and add to economic growth, with businesses leading the way. I feel as if consumers arenÃ¢â¬â¢t ready to make such a big financial commitment such as a mortgage and the ones willing to take risks will be the entrepreneurs or the business owners, so I expect to see growth in business investments. Residential investments will continue to improve as confidence is restored in the housing market allowing consumers to purchase rental properties to supplement or increase their income. Non residential investments will increase as well as values rise due to demand but IÃ¢â¬â¢m not quite sure how strong this demand will be. Being the consumer culture we are, I expect us to import more than we export like we have for over a two decades now, however, the strengthening oil and gas sector in the country will gain momentum, gradually relieving us of our oil dependency on OPEC nations in the years to come, decreasing our imports of foreign oil. Economic growth in 2014 may be slow, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s much better compared to where we were as a nation a couple of years ago. How to cite Tracking the U.S Economy, Papers
Friday, May 1, 2020
Question: Discuss about theVicarious Liability In The Agency Context. Answer: Issue An advice is furnished to the CEO of Golf Club Resort (company) whether the company is required to pay the bill to Willow Landscaping? Law The relationship of an employer-employee or master-servant is very crucial mainly because it decides whether the employer or the master can be held accountable for the actions of his employee or servant. In (NMFM Property Pty Ltd v Citibank Ltd (No 10), thelaw of agency is defined and it is held by the court that when two people are in the relationship of principal/master/employer and agent/servant/employee and such employee is acting on the directions and under the control of the employer then any liability arising from such an action will fall upon the principal. Thelaw of agency is based on the concept of vicarious liability wherein the employer is accountable for his employees actions Scott v Davis. The only requirement to make the employer liable is that the employee is totally functioning within the powers that are delegated to him. Thus, to make a person an agent of the principal, the main requirements are: The employee is within the services of the employer; The actions of the employee is directed and guided by the employer; The actions which are carried out by the employee are delegated to him by the employer. Now, the employer can gave power to his employee by three means. The same are: Actual express authority An actual express authority is a kind of delegation wherein the principal intentionally conveys powers to his employees so that the employee can carry out work on his behalf. This kind of delegation is possible when the principal either by way of agreement or by actions or verbally grants authority to the agent. Actual implied authority An actual implied authority is the authority for which the principal does not have to make any actual efforts. But, when any tasks are allotted to the agent then the power that is coupled with such tasks so that the agent can perform such tasks adequately is an implied authority. For example, to take decisions when the principal cannot be reach at and the decisions is for the benefit of the principal, to act for the best interest of the principal etc. Ostensible authority The ostensible authority is the third kind of authority wherein the power to take actions on behalf of the principal is not carried out under the any actual or implied authority, but, this authority is gained by the agent because of a representation that is made by the principal. When the principal makes a depiction in front of an outsider to make an outsider believe that a specific person is the authorized representative of the principal then an ostensible authority is granted to such agent. When an outsider under such pretext of ostensible authority enters into a contract with the agent, then, the principal cannot deny the authority on the part of the agent and is bound by the transactions that are entered. However, if the outsider is aware of the defect in the authority, then, he cannot bound the principal by the actions of the agent. The abovelaw is now applied to the facts of the case. Application Noora Norra Golf Club Resort is owned by Gabba Pty Ltd (company). Ricardo is working for the company. Recently there is financial crunch so the Chief Executive officer of the company has directed Ricardo that he is only authorized to enter into contract on the company behalf provided the value of the contract should not exceed $ 10,000. The situation reveal that the Chief Executive Officer has by words of mouth has given a power to Ricardo that he can make contracts but has limited this power only to the extent of $ 10,000. Thus, an actual express authority is given to Ricardo. But, Ricardo violated his actual express authority and without telling the chief Executive Officer, he makes a contract with an outsider, Willow Landscaping, who has no idea that the authority of Ricardo to enter into contracts is limited to $ 10,000. Now, Ricardo makes a landscaping contract with Willow Landscaping for an amount of $ 13,000 along with extra cost of $ 4,000 which makes the total cost of the project at $ 17,000. Ricardo is not authorized to enter into contracts of such amounts. When the Chief Executive Officer asks about the project, Ricardo only tells him about the project and makes no mention to the extra cost. The Chief Executive Officer gave his approval and tells Willow Landscaping that it can take the project forward with Ricardo. Thus, by stating this information to Willow Landscaping, the Chief Executive Officer has actually given an apparent authority to Ricardo. Thus, Ricardo is now authorized to make a contract with Willow Landscaping which is approved by the Officer on behalf of the company. Conclusion Thus, the contract made by Ricardo with Willow Landscaping is binding in nature and is enforceable in law. Issue An advice is furnished to Aspirational Developments regarding Jeremy's conduct? Law As already submitted the relationship of an employer-employee or master-servant is very crucial mainly because it decides whether the employer or the master can be held accountable for the actions of his employee or servant. However, it is not always that the master is accountable for the actions of his servant. The servant is also under a scrutiny to conduct his actions in such manner so that he does not bring any disadvantage to his master. So there are several duties that are imposed on a servant. A servant or an agent should act like a trustworthily person and makes sure that no actions should be carried out by him which results in conflicting interest. If the interest conflicts then the interest of the master must proceed the interest of the servant. An agent must make sure that the confidential information received by him during the tenure of his service should not be given to any third party unless his principal has approved of the same. If the agent in order to bring gain to himself makes profits of secret nature then it is his duty to pay back such profits to his master. His acts must be such which are carried out with honesty, trustworthiness, diligence and care. He must act as per the wishes of his master. If these duties are not fulfilled by the agent then he must face consequences for the same. Application It is submitted that Jeremy is the estate agent of Aspirational Developments Pty Ltd and is selling high-rise units. He recently through one of his friends got the news that the other competitor is into difficulties and thus the units he is selling can be sold at higher cost. So, he secretly arrange funds and bought three units which he later sold and earn profits. It is submitted that these actions of Jeremy is in violation of his fiduciary duty, he also made secret profits which is not permitted. Also, there is conflict of interest and he preferred his own interest to be superior of the company. Further, he discloses the confidential information of the company for small payment and thus is in breach of is duty to not to disclose secret information of the company. Conclusion Thus, Jeremy is on violation of several of his duties and thus must compensate the company. Bibliography Books/articles/Journals Adams, Michael. Essential Corporate Law: Second Edition. Cavendish Australia, 2002. Hassall, Douglas. "Dal Pont: Law of Agency." International Trade and Business Law Review 429, 2003. Krawitz, Alan. "Protecting Outsiders to Corporate Contracts in Australia." Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law, Volume 9, Number 3 (September 2002), 2002. Mccarthy, Luke. "Vicarious Liability In The Agency Context." Vol 4 No 2 (QUTLJJ), 2004. Case laws FreemanandLockyer v Buckhurst Park Properties(Mangal)Ltd 2 QB 480. Hely-Hutchinson v Brayhead Ltd.Hely-Hutchinson v Brayhead Ltd 1 QB 549. Industrial Development Consultants Ltd v Cooley 1 WLR 443. NMFM Property Pty Ltd v Citibank Ltd(No 10) (2000) 107 FCR 270. Re Smith and Fawcett Ltd.  Ch 304. Regal(Hastings)Ltd v Gulliver.Regal(Hastings)Ltd v Gulliver UKHL 1. Scott v Davis HCA 52. Union Bank of Australia Ltd vAlbert ErnestRudder HCA 39.
Thursday, March 5, 2020
Act IV, scene i In a dark cavern, a bubbling cauldron hisses and spits, and the three witches suddenly appear onstage. They circle the cauldron, chanting spells and adding bizarre ingredients to their stew- "eye of newt and toe of frog, / Wool of bat and tongue of dog" (IV.i.14Ã¢â¬â15). Hecate materializes and compliments the witches on their work. One of the witches then chants: "By the pricking of my thumbs, / Something wicked this way comes" (IV.i.61Ã¢â¬â62). In fulfillment of the witch's prediction, Macbeth enters. He asks the witches to reveal the truth of their prophecies to him. To answer his questions, they summon horrible apparitions, each of which offers a prediction to allay Macbeth's fears. First, a floating head warns him to beware Macduff; Macbeth says that he has already guessed as much. Then a bloody child appears and tells him that "none of woman born shall harm Macbeth" (IV.i.96Ã¢â¬â97). Next, a crowned child holding a tree tells him that he is safe until Birnam Wood move s to Dunsinane Hill. Finally, a procession of eight crowned kings walks by, the last carrying a mirror. Banquo's ghost walks at the end of the line. Macbeth demands to know the meaning of this final vision, but the witches perform a mad dance and then vanish. Lennox enters and tells Macbeth that Macduff has fled to England. Macbeth resolves to send murderers to capture Macduff's castle and to kill Macduff's wife and children. Act IV, scene ii At Macduff's castle, Lady Macduff accosts Ross, demanding to know why her husband has fled. She feels betrayed. Ross insists that she trust her husband's judgment and then regretfully departs. Once he is gone, Lady Macduff tells her son that his father is dead, but the little boy perceptively argues that he is not. Suddenly, a messenger hurries in, warning Lady Macduff that she is in danger and urging her to flee. Lady Macduff protests, arguing that she has done no wrong. A group of murderers then enters. When o... Free Essays on MacBeth Act IV Free Essays on MacBeth Act IV Act IV, scene i In a dark cavern, a bubbling cauldron hisses and spits, and the three witches suddenly appear onstage. They circle the cauldron, chanting spells and adding bizarre ingredients to their stew- "eye of newt and toe of frog, / Wool of bat and tongue of dog" (IV.i.14Ã¢â¬â15). Hecate materializes and compliments the witches on their work. One of the witches then chants: "By the pricking of my thumbs, / Something wicked this way comes" (IV.i.61Ã¢â¬â62). In fulfillment of the witch's prediction, Macbeth enters. He asks the witches to reveal the truth of their prophecies to him. To answer his questions, they summon horrible apparitions, each of which offers a prediction to allay Macbeth's fears. First, a floating head warns him to beware Macduff; Macbeth says that he has already guessed as much. Then a bloody child appears and tells him that "none of woman born shall harm Macbeth" (IV.i.96Ã¢â¬â97). Next, a crowned child holding a tree tells him that he is safe until Birnam Wood move s to Dunsinane Hill. Finally, a procession of eight crowned kings walks by, the last carrying a mirror. Banquo's ghost walks at the end of the line. Macbeth demands to know the meaning of this final vision, but the witches perform a mad dance and then vanish. Lennox enters and tells Macbeth that Macduff has fled to England. Macbeth resolves to send murderers to capture Macduff's castle and to kill Macduff's wife and children. Act IV, scene ii At Macduff's castle, Lady Macduff accosts Ross, demanding to know why her husband has fled. She feels betrayed. Ross insists that she trust her husband's judgment and then regretfully departs. Once he is gone, Lady Macduff tells her son that his father is dead, but the little boy perceptively argues that he is not. Suddenly, a messenger hurries in, warning Lady Macduff that she is in danger and urging her to flee. Lady Macduff protests, arguing that she has done no wrong. A group of murderers then enters. When o...
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
Web 2.0 for engaging and collaborative learning in higher education - Essay Example Classroom 2.0 uses asynchronous learning to promote collaboration among large numbers of users, instead of consuming one-way information, which is common in Classroom 1.0. Some educators are concerned, however, with the adoption of Web 2.0, because it may not serve their specific teaching needs and it may not always be aligned with learnersÃ¢â¬â¢ skills and interests (Bennett et al., 2012; Yoo & David, 2011). Other educators think that Web 2.0 is a powerful enabling technology for students (Churchill, 2011; Sistek-Chandler, 2012). This essay aims to negotiate differences in the perceptions of Web 2.0 because of different beliefs in the effects of Web 2.0 on learning. Web 2.0 promotes learning through providing diverse tools for engaging and collaborative learning. Web 2.0 contributes to synchronous and asynchronous learning in higher education because it assists student content creation and sharing, promotes self-regulated learning and teamwork, and supports critical and reflective participation. Opponents of Web 2.0 assert that students have different Web 2.0 skills and these differences can produce cognitive load that can interfere with deep learning. Cifuentes, Alvarez Xochihua, and Edwards (2011) learned that the cognitive load from Web 2.0 interfered with deep learning due to studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ varying Web 2.0 skills. ... The authors stressed the importance of Web 2.0 in enhancing student content creation and sharing, but the inexperience of the students with these tools may prove disconcerting to them enough to not understand its value in their education. Cifuentes, Alvarez Xochihua, and Edwards (2011) also stressed that not all students understood the objectives of using Web 2.0. This article emphasizes the role of instructors in mediating learning through providing clear learning objectives in the use of Web 2.0. Teachers must consider these issues, before introducing Web 2.0 into learning practices. Technology skills and learning goals can impact how Web 2.0 will be used and adopted by both teachers and students alike. Students and teachers may have different interests and preferences too, when it comes too Web 2.0, which can affect how Web 2.0 is accepted and used in actual class settings. Yoo and David Huang (2011), in Ã¢â¬Å"Comparison of Web 2.0 Technology Acceptance Level Based on Cultural Di fferences,Ã¢â¬ examined the role of culture in accepting Web 2.0. They learned that Koreans and Americans have different preferences, when it comes to Web 2.0 technologies. If instructors are not aware of these preferences, they might not be able to motivate their students in maximizing Web 2.0 for learning. Bennett et al. (2012) noted that teachers also have varying perceptions on the importance of Web 2.0 in teaching and learning. Some teachers continue to believe that face-to-face communication is still the best way of learning, because actual presence can stimulate deep learning. Others believe that Web 2.0 presents interesting ways of engaging students. Clearly, differences in how Web